This is a list of goat breeds. Univ.Prof. African goat breeds generally typify their regions with local types. There are different types of goat breeds available throughout the world. Loading... Unsubscribe from Sabityp? Slow growth rates of goats, high mortality rate and low commercial off-take rate were the major challenges of smallholder goat production in Ethiopia. 2007). The state believes much more can be done in the sector which would result in a tremendous increase in the number of live animals and subsequent goat products availed for local and international markets. However, the production performances of these goat breeds have not been evaluated. 02 Oct 2020 A 1,000-year-old ‘Evolutionary Jolt’ helped African cattle adapt to the continent’s multiple challenges. But not all the breeds are good for same production purpose. About 15.18% (4.5 million) of the total goat population of Ethiopia are found in the regional government of Tigray (CSA, 2017). No recognized use of fiber has been reported from Ethiopian goats though some goat breeds (e.g. ), Ian Lauder Mason (2002). BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life sciences, Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Division of Livestock Sciences , Vienna, Austria . It is not legal to import Golden Guernsey goats into the United States. Aschalew Tsegahun~1, Sisay Lemma~2, Ameha Sebsbie~2, Abebe Mekoya~2 and Zinash Sileshi~3. In 2007, Boer goats and Dorper sheep were imported from South Africa into Ethiopia, the first ever importation of these animals into the country. Ethiopia houses 12 recognized indigenous goat breeds including Central Highland Goats (Tesfaye 2004: Farm-Africa 1996). There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat. In the northeast, you’ll find lop-eared goats related to those of southwest Asia, reminiscent of Nubian goats. There are many recognized breeds of domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus). The breed is very hardy and resistant to trypanosome. They generally produce 3.16 kg of milk that is 3.72% fat. Data were analyzed for the effect of breed, sex, age, and season. Livestock Research for Rural Development 32(8): 125 Livestock Research for Rural Development 32(8): 125 Tags Study at Alemaya University of Agriculture (Wells et. While many Americans might not consider goat meat a popular meat, it is a ready source of nutrition in most places across the world. It has a red skin coat that is of good quality for leather production. Also known by: Deghier, Deg yer, Dighi yer, Borana, Galla, Abgal, Boran, Modugh, Mudugh, Ogaden The Somali is found in Somalia and northeast Kenya. A structured questionnaire, own-flock ranking experiment, and group discussions were undertaken to assess goat breeding practices and to identify traits of interest for genetic improvement of indigenous goats. However, only few of these have been studied and characterized to some extent. Both sexes carry horns with short ears that are horizontally positioned. A structured questionnaire, own-flock ranking experiment, and group discussions were undertaken to assess goat breeding practices and to identify traits of interest for genetic improvement of indigenous goats. Regarding numbers, Ethiopia was estimated to have exported a total of over 232,228 live animals which amounted to 58.89 million USD. Like all Ethiopian indigenous goats, Central Highland Goats (CHG) generally have low body weight and suboptimal growth when compared to some tropical and temperate breeds (Judith 2006; Dereje et al 2015). Goat characterization and development works in Ethiopia Phenotypic characterization of Ethiopian goats. However, unlike sheep, their ancestry is fairly clear. Serum enzymes were studied in 163 apparently healthy goats from three indigenous goat breeds of Ethiopia. Among these goat breeds, some are very good for meat production, some are good for producing milk, some breeds produces good quality skin, some breeds are good for fiber production purpose and some breeds are also good for raising as pets. Porter, Valerie (ed. Arsi-Bale goats of Bale highlands) are known to have long hair. The study was conducted This improved goat breed originated from selective breeding practices over the course of almost a century. We aimed to identify polymorphisms in the Afar and Arsi-Bale goat breeds of Ethiopia and computationally assess the effect of variants on prion protein stability. of goat in Ethiopia is estimated as 30.2 millions of which 99.7% are indigenous goat breeds (CSA, 2017). The domestic goat or simply goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of C. aegagrus domesticated from the wild goat of Southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The export value for live sheep in 2017 stood at $9.006 million. Maria Wurzinger . Other varieties of the breed are the Kano brown or Boronu white. ... Top 25 Most Dangerous Dog Breeds in the World - Duration: … Among these goat breeds, some are very good for meat production, some are good for producing milk, some breeds produces good quality skin, some breeds are good for fiber production purpose and some breeds are also good for raising as pets. Results: The analysis of the prion protein gene PRNP in 229 goats belonging to three of the main Ethiopian native goat breeds showed a remarkably high frequency (> 34.6%) of p.(Asn146Ser) in these breeds, a variant involved in scrapie resistance in Cyprus. Description of production system, characterization of the sample breeds, participatory definition of breeding objectives and selection criteria and simulation of alternative breeding plans will be used. Gumuz, Agew and Begia-Medir cluster as one group and Bati, Abergelle and Central Abergelle … Methods It is an African breed of miniature goats, precisely from West African countries. One tier community-based breeding schemes with four different scenarios for Western Lowland and Abergelle goat of Ethiopia were simulated using ZPLAN computer program to compare the genetic gain of the breeding objectives traits across the alternatives. It has a red head with white body and long, pendulous ears. The previous research (FARM Africa, 1996) on phenotypic characterization indicated that there are about 12 goat types in Ethiopia while, a genetic study that used microsatellite markers showed only eight distinctively different types of goats in Ethiopia (Tesfaye, 2004). Selective breeding of goats generally focuses on improving production of fiber, meat, dairy products or goatskin. reported from Ethiopian goats though some goat breeds (e.g. Improved breeds Pastoralists mainly keep local goat breeds, which are able to thrive in challenging climates with low quality forage and fodder, but produce very little milk. Superior chemical composition revealed the potential of milk from indigenous Ethiopian goats for cheese production. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. They constitute over 95% of the small ruminant population of Africa and 99.77% of Ethiopia. The population of sheep and goats in Ethiopia has been in increasing trend. INTRODUCTION Ethiopia hosts 23,325 million goats.1 Despite their value to society as a source of milk, meat, cash, and security, goat research and development was neglected for many years. Almost all the indigenous sheep and goats breeds in Ethiopia are primarily owned and managed by resource-poor smallholder farmers and pastoralists under traditional and extensive production systems. These animals will form the backbone of a crossbreeding program designed to utilize the fast growth rate and larger carcass of these animals with the native adaptability and toughness of local breeds. It has a red head with white body and long, pendulous ears. Doyogena, Ethiopia – The community-based breeding program was first introduced in Ethiopia in 2009 by ICARDA together with the International Livestock Research Institute, Boku University, and Ethiopian National Agricultural Research System (NARS).Commonly known as CBBP, it combines selective breeding programs based on production parameters, such as body weight and the ability to … ETHIOPIA-GOAT DRINKING MIRINDA! The breed is used primarily for meat production. Pygmy Goats. Dip-ing. The Ethiopian goat ecotypes found in Amhara Region of Ethiopia could be clustered into two main groups viz. million (CSA, 2008) with nine identified breeds (Gizaw et al., 2007). Characterization of genetic variation among Ethiopian barley (Hoerdeum vulgare L.) genotypes (2019) von Abtew, Wosene Gebreselassie , 2019 The environm… Growth and carcass characteristics of three Ethiopian goat breeds, the Afar, Central Highland (CHG) and Long-eared Somali (LES) were evaluated using three grainless diets varying in concentrate:roughage ratios (diet 1 was 50:50, diet 2, 65:35 and diet 3, 80:20) under feedlot conditions. The fact that we observed two haplotypes (H128 and H133) of haplogroup A that are shared between Ethiopian and Egyptian goats, two (H164 and H166) shared between Ethiopia and Kenyan goats and one (H102) shared between Ethiopian and Saudi Arabian goats (Figure 2 and Table S4), suggest that the southward movement of goats along the Nile valley, as well as, the movement of goats across the Red … The Guernsey goat breed is the smallest of medium-sized dairy goats. Using the same SNP chip, heterozygosity in Sudanese goat breeds was similar to Bakri goats in Egypt (0.40) , Ethiopian goats breeds (0.38) and Angora goats from South Africa (0.37) . Part of the 5′ flanking region, 12 introns and 10 exons of the α s1-casein gene were genotyped in 326 goats from 10 indigenous Ethiopian goat breeds.This study was conducted with an attempt to reveal genetic variation at regions of the α s1-casein gene.A total of 37 previously unreported SNPs: 3 in exons, 3 in the 5′ UTR, and 31 in the introns were detected. Ajmer, Nagaur, Tonk, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Chitorgarh, Udaipur, Rajasamand, Bhilwara, Jaipur and other districts of Rajasthan (India). Indigenous sheep are still the most extensively reared breeds across the country. This improved goat breed originated from selective breeding practices over the course of almost a century. In general, the global demand for goat meat is growing (Gipson, 1998). Indigenous goats are still the predominant breeds in Ethiopia. indicus breeds in Ethiopia for crossbreeding seems to be insignificant (Kiwuwa et al., 1983; Beyene, 1992). consumption. The age at first calving for the Afar and Begait were 10, 26, 12 and 16% shorter than the Raya, Arado, Medenes and Fogera respectively; the calving interval for the Afar was 7, 36, 26, 14 and 30% shorter than Raya, Arado, Begait, Medenes and Fogera breeds respectively. In view of these, parameters that are relevant to breeding soundness of buck should be assessed. 5.3 Materials and Methods Ninety young intact male goats of three breeds, the Afar, the Long-eared Somali (LES) and the Central Highland goat (CHG) were used in the study. It is the most well-defined breed of goat, perhaps in Africa. Ethiopian indigenous goats are genetically less productive as compared to temperate breeds. sheep and about twelve goat breeds /populations have been identified in Ethiopia. 2 Sheno Researcher Center, P.O. This is a list of goat breeds.There are many recognized breeds of domestic goat (Capra … The main form of production issmallholder low input systems. the country (Farm Africa, 1996). In the present study, four non-synonymous novel polymorphisms G67S, W68R, G69D, and R159H in the first octapeptide repeat and the highly conserved C-terminus globular domain of goat PrP were detected. The average carcass weight of Ethiopian goats is 10 kg, which is the second lowest in sub-Saharan Africa. Solomon Abegaz Guangul . IMPROVED GOAT BREEDS The drylands of Ethiopia’s South Omo zone and Uganda’s Karamoja sub-region are home to thousands of pastoralists who migrate with their livestock in search of pasture. Goat … The urban and peri-urbandairy system is market oriented with improved breeds,feeding systems, health and husbandry practices. January 2014 . cytes, and neutrophils of the indigenous goat breeds were remarkably different compared to most other exotic goat breeds. endstream endobj 2406 0 obj <>/ViewerPreferences<>/Metadata 142 0 R/Pages 2397 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/OpenAction 2407 0 R/StructTreeRoot 169 0 R/Type/Catalog/PageLabels 2394 0 R>> endobj 2407 0 obj <> endobj 2408 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 2409 0 obj <>stream indigenous goat breeds from Ethiopia namely Abergelle (AB), Central Highland (CH) and Woyto-Guji (WG) based on their kids’ total live weight at three months (LWW), survival rate to three months (S3M) and average daily milk yield (ADM, for AB only). Goat Breeds for Meat. Boer Goat. On average, about 0.32 kg total non-carcass fat was recorded in the present study, which is lower than 0.57 kg reported for other Ethiopian indigenous goats (Ameha et al. In Ethiopia, prior studies on indigenous goat breeds were focused on the reproductive traits and fertility of female not male goats; as a result, data on fertility and male reproductive traits in indigenous goats in Ethiopia is scant [22, 23]. Ethiopia is also competing in the world market through the exportation of goat meat to a number of Middle East countries (Ethiopian Export Promotion Agency, 2003). indigenous goat breeds of Ethiopia . Currently, there are more than 300 different goat breeds available throughout the world. "Auckland Island Goats: A Rare Breed of New Zealand Origin", "Australian Heritage Angora Goats – PAIRS", Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, "Malabari goats: Characterization, management, performance and genetic variability", "American Nigora Goat Breeders Association", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_goat_breeds&oldid=992217016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alpine polychrome, American Alpine, French Alpine, Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep, Shami, Murcian, Murcien, Murciene, Royal Murciana, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 03:07. Consistent with low heterozygote deficiency and high allelic diversity, inbreeding within Sudanese goat breeds was also close to zero. The Pygmy Goat was formerly referred to as Cameroon Dwarf Goat. Arado, Afar and Raya breeds. The present study aimed to evaluate the early growth performance of three Ethiopian goat populations (Bati, Borana and Short-eared Somali) from birth to 180 days and the influence of non-genetic factors such as sex, gemellarity and parity as well as goat ecotype on body weight (BW) and average daily weight gain (ADWG). Co-supervisors . Breeds are generally classified based on their primary use, though there are several breeds which are considered dual- or multi-purpose. The presence of variations in internal fat deposition among different breeds of goat has been reported earlier by Mahgoub and Lu and Kadim et al. This is a list of goat breeds.There are many recognized breeds of domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus).Goat breeds (especially dairy goats) are some of the oldest defined animal breeds for which breed standards and production records have been kept. This breed of goat is found mostly in the Sokoto area of Nigeria and part of the Niger Republic. Main supervisor . goat breeds fed a grainless diet that included Ethiopian native grass hay, wheat bran and noug cake. Slow growth rates of goats, high mortality rate and low commercial off-take rate were the major challenges of smallholder goat production in Ethiopia. Photo credit: Rob Waddington/flickr CC BY 2.0. Individual study reports indicated that there are four breed types named as Abergelle, Begait, common highland goat, and Maefur. Now she has a means of income – earning 1,300 Ethiopian birr (£40) through the goats – and plenty of goat milk for her children, she says. Breeds of Livestock - Goat Breeds Goats: (Capra hircus) The goat, along with sheep, were among the earliest domesticated animals. PD.Dip-Ing.Dr. Overall productivity of breeds from the pastoral Part of the 5′ flanking region, 12 introns and 10 exons of the α s1-casein gene were genotyped in 326 goats from 10 indigenous Ethiopian goat breeds.This study was conducted with an attempt to reveal genetic variation at regions of the α s1-casein gene.A total of 37 previously unreported SNPs: 3 in exons, 3 in the 5′ UTR, and 31 in the introns were detected. By considering two breeds of goats; western low land goat (Gumuz) from the lowland and Abergelle from the mid-altitude as a sample of indigenous breed. 99.7 % are indigenous goat breeds available throughout the world use of fiber, meat, products. Are known to have long hair ( Solomon et al 2014 ) of Bale highlands ) are known to long..., there are many recognized breeds of domestic goat ( Capra aegagrus hircus ) related. Sokoto area of Nigeria and part of the animal family Bovidae and the subfamily Caprinae, it! 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Meat export trade over 232,228 live animals which amounted to 58.89 million USD slow growth rates of generally.

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