The fennec fox is the smallest canid (members of the dog family, including wolves, jackals and other foxes) in the world. The national animal of Algeria is Fennec fox. Critically Endangered: Addax (Addax nasomaculatus). #1 of 14 Sights & Landmarks in Constantine. Their kidneys are also adapted for deserts. Specifically, this document provides policy indications regarding veterinary health, sanitary protection and vaccination for animals and animal product. However, the African one has a length of between 7.87 and 9.84 inches thus making it much smaller than its European counterpart. Beyond these basic provisions, and a mention of animal welfare as part of Decree 15-70, there is no evidence of legislation or policy dealing specifically with the welfare of animals in captivity. Tamrit Valley of the Cypresses – Illizi. There is no evidence in legislation that cruel forms of entertainment using animals – circuses, rodeos, animal fights, marine mammal shows, among others – are prohibited. Such a prohibition should cover circuses, rodeos, animal fights, animal races, rides on animals and all other forms of entertainment abusing animals. The Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fishing (MADRP) is responsible for activities relating to veterinary medicine and farm animals. Threatened species known from Algeria include the Addax, Mediterranean Monk Seal, Cuvier's Gazelle, Dama Gazelle, and Wild Dog. There is no indication or evidence of existing financial or human resource allocated to develop policy and legislation relevant to this indicator. Although this is a step towards the right direction for animal conservation as part of the environment, there is no reference in regards of animal sentience and the prevention of suffering for animals as a principle. No evidence is provided on the enforceability and respect of these provisions, indicating ethical hunting is recommended but not enforced. Support for the UDAW will likely underpin further animal protection measures. Tassili n'Ajjer is a vast desert plateau in southern Algeria, stretching from the borders with Niger and Libya to the east, to as far as Amguid in the west, covering an area of 72,000 sq. Relict tropical fauna of the northern Sahara include tropical catfish and chromides found at Biskra, Algeria, and in isolated oases of the Sahara; cobras and pygmy crocodiles may still exist in remote drainage basins of the Tibesti Mountains.More subtle has been the progressive loss of well-adapted, more mobile species to the advanced firearms and habitat destruction of humans. Thank you for your understanding: Please see our Facebook Page for most recent updates on available cats or contact the Alger County Animal Shelter at (906) 387-4131. Subsistence hunting operations must employ the least cruel methods of hunting and slaughter, and that all possible efforts should be made to reduce the time to death of animals killed in these hunts. The highest temperature ever recorded in Algeria was 51 °C (123.8 °F) in August 2011. Algeria is an African country that is located on the Northwest part of Africa. See photos of Algeria, including Algiers and Erg Bourarhet, in this photo gallery from National Geographic. Some wildlife depending on left over food from the communities. For a complete list of endangered species in Africa, browse the Africa endangered species list. • The Government of Algeria is urged to enact legislation which would protect all animals used in scientific research from unnecessary pain and suffering. All other OIE standards have yet to be transposed into legislation and policy in the country. No legislation has been found specifically relating to the rearing of dairy cattle and calves. Such requirements should be legally binding and species-specific. Law 88-08 of 1988 on veterinary activities and the protection of animal health is the legislation most relevant to animal welfare. The Government of Algeria is now encouraged to consider introducing stronger legislation to protect the welfare of wild individual animals. The Great Eastern Erg (Grand Erg Oriental) and the Great Western Erg (Grand Erg Occidental), which average 1,300 to 2,000 feet (400 to 600 metres) in height, decline in elevation northward from the foot of the Ahaggar (Hoggar) Mountains to below sea level in places south of the Aurès Mountains. Algeria has a population of almost 28 million people. It is a unique animal with interesting features. Provisions for the protection of animals appearing in Law 88-08 and in the Penal Code are applicable to companion animals. Infringement of the provisions in Law 88-08 and in the Penal Code, referred to above, is punishable by fines and/or imprisonment under Articles 415, 449 and 457 of the Penal Code.However, since no legislation has been found on the private keeping of wild animals or fur farming, there are no enforcement mechanisms associated to this category of animals. Provisions for the protection of animals appearing in Law 88-08, and in the Penal Code are applicable to animals used for draught or recreational purposes. There is also a minimal duty of care included in legislation, which mandates that animal owners must keep their animals in a good state of health. These animals may consist of foxes, jackals, and wild boar. Infringement of the provisions set out in executive decree 04-82 is, through the primary legislation Article 58 of Law 88-08, punishable under Articles 415, 449 and 457 of the Penal Code with fines and/or imprisonment. Animals should be instantaneously rendered unconscious and insensible to pain and distress prior to slaughter. However, humane solutions to rabies – such as mass vaccination programmes and spay-and-neuter campaigns – are not mandated in Algerian legislation. The national animal of Algeria is the Fennec Fox. Algeria is one of the few countries in the world that can say it owes no other country. Responsibility for animal welfare should be allocated to a Ministry, and a specific government body should enact and assess the implementation of animal protection legislation. While health is an important component of welfare, there are other aspects that are not covered by said legislation and as such, the issue does not appear to have significant independence in legislation that would allow the concept of animal welfare to become a mainstream concern of society. There are several laws that apply to wild animals in Algeria introduced from a hunting or conservation perspective. A nominated member of the laboratory staff, preferably a veterinarian, must have full responsibility for animal welfare at all times. In 1995, the country's external… Mountainous, chotts, wetlands and grassy desert-like regions all support a wide range of wildlife. Legislative provisions relating to animals used for scientific research are limited in scope but do acknowledge that animal protection and the reduction of animal experimentation are intrinsically linked. This Ministry should be responsible for enacting animal welfare legislation and for monitoring the implementation of animal welfare standards. The Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fishing (MADRP) is responsible for activities relating to veterinary medicine and farm animals. No other legislation has been found relating to the slaughter of animals.Algeria’s New Model for economic growth 2016-2019 constitutes a policy to ensure the growth of the Algerian economy from 2016 to 2019. 1. This animal was unveiled as the national animal of France in [&hell, The national animal of India is Royal Bengal Tiger is the. • The Government of Algeria should promote responsible pet ownership, including the adoption of companion animals over the purchase of commercially bred animals. However, there is no Ministry responsible for animal welfare. There are no legislation or policies that provide for the welfare of animals used for recreational purposes or for draught to be discussed or developed in the country. The wildlife of Algeria is composed of its flora and fauna. • The Government of Algeria is urged to enact an animal welfare act, which would prohibit the use of animals for entertainment purposes. • In addition, the Government of Algeria is strongly encouraged to create a multi-stakeholder committee in order to effectively engage all actors involved in maintaining animals’ well-being to find solutions for welfare concerns. Legislation on rabies control permits government culling of feral dogs and wild animals within areas where there are rabies cases, with no welfare considerations. Animals in Algeria: kennels, pet associations, veterinaries, pet shops Support for the UDAW would be a first step towards integrating animal protection considerations into different discussion forums, becoming a soft-law source for decision makers interested in improving animal protection in the country. The Government of Algeria should also implement education programmes on dog bite prevention. Group of very old and rare cypress trees (Cupressus dupreziana) which is endemic to Tassili n’Ajjer. They are trapped and shown to tourists or sold. Moreover, there is a minimal duty of care for animal owners towards their animals, in Article 60. In the desert are tufts of grass, shrubs, and acacia and jujube trees. • The Government of Algeria is encouraged to amend Executive Decree No. Further legal and policy recommendations are associated with each indicator and contained in the relevant sections of this report. Article 58 of Law 88-08 provides that regulations will be made to protect animals from suffering in various methods of rearing, housing, transport and slaughter. They dig holes in the sand as their habitat and for their protection. • The Government of Algeria is strongly encouraged to implement the OIE’s animal welfare standards and principles within policy and legislation. The general mandate is reduced to avoid mistreatment of animals, but no indication is given of the extent and scope of this circumstance or an indication of what constitutes mistreatment, making the measure difficult to apply. The OIE Animal Welfare Standards focus on transport, slaughter, production systems (beef cattle, broiler chickens, dairy cattle, pigs), stray dog population control, the use of animals in research and education, and working equids. Beyond these basic provisions, there is no evidence of legislation or policies specifically addressing the welfare of animals used for recreational purposes. • In addition, the Government should include sanctions in the Penal Code for cases of negligence and animal mistreatment, or any other behaviours that would compromise animal welfare in addition to behaviours that may cause injury and death. This includes whether there is allocation of responsibility, accountability and resources within government to protect animals. Infringement of the provisions in Law 88-08 and in the Penal Code, referred to above, is punishable by fines and/or imprisonment under Articles 415, 449, 457 of the Penal Code. It has large ears that are not proportional, pointy nose and slanted eyes making it so attractive. Infringement of the prohibitions in Law 03-10 and Law 04-07 is punishable with fines and imprisonment. In all, more than four-fifths of the country is desert. © Copy right 2016, All rights reserved, The black Eagle is the national animal of Germany. Such ethics committees should be able to suspend the activities or revoke the registration of establishments which do not respect animal welfare criteria. The legislation relating to wild animals is designed to avoid animal destruction, to protect certain species and to regulate hunting activities. This goal explores animal protection laws in relation to various categories of animals, namely: farm animals, animals in captivity, companion animals, working animals and animals used for entertainment, animals used for scientific research and wild animals. There is no indication of human or financial resource dedicated to animal welfare. Despite a lack of mention of animal welfare, Article 3 this Order establishes the necessity of a knowledge of ethical hunting and the hunters’ code – designed to ensure ethical, safe and responsible hunting – without specific mention of the avoidance of suffering for animals. Long-fingered Bat (Myotis capaccinii). There are enforcement mechanisms for those of the OIE’s standards that are covered by provincial legislation. However, since no legislation has been found on stray animals, there are no enforcement mechanisms associated to this category of animals. This makes Algeria a bird watching hot spot for tourists or … The population of Algeria is about 32 million. The Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fishing (MADRP) is responsible for activities relating to veterinary medicine and farm animals. No legislation has been found specifically relating to the rearing of broiler chickens. The article provides for secondary regulations to be produced, which will also include measures against the abusive use of animals in various circumstances; however, no evidence was found of any secondary legislation in relation to this article. Welfare is understood as physical pain, but there is no mention of attention being paid to the mental wellbeing of animals. • The Government of Algeria is strongly encouraged to ban any form of hunting that does not directly support subsistence. Results of such inspections should be made publicly available. • The Government of Algeria is encouraged to engage with the International Companion Animal Management (ICAM) coalition to learn about and implement their dog population management methodology. No legislation has been found specifically relating to the private keeping of wild animals. Article 58 of Law 88-08 establishes that infractions to the Article will be punished in accordance to the three articles of the Penal Code mentioned above. Since the API was first published, the Algerian Association for Experimental Science (Association Algérienne des Sciences en Expérimentation Animale, AASEA) was established in 2015. Most people in Algeria live in urban areas. Algeria Fact Sheet: Algeria is Iocated in North Africa. The Algerian Fir, Algerian Peony, and Saharan Cypress are endemic species of Algerian flora. February 10 2020 Algeria, AnimalRights, animals, species, wildlife. Article 58 of Law 88-08 and Article 449 of the Penal Code refer to domestic animals. This refers to the various types of weather found here; a mild climate in the north and a dry, hot one in the Saharan south. Tassili n'Ajjer is a vast desert plateau in southern Algeria, stretching from the borders with Niger and Libya to the east, to as far as Amguid in the west, covering an area of 72,000 sq. This committee should include representatives of animal welfare organisations. Algeria is a member of the OIE and along with all other members of the organisation, has supported the OIE’s animal welfare standards and guiding principles for animal welfare. National animals Edit. As such, the legislation is based on one of the ‘Three Rs’ principles – Reduction – but there is scope for debate over what constitutes ‘strict necessity.’ There is no indication or evidence of financial or human resource available to develop policy and legislation relevant to this indicator. • The Government of Algeria is urged to assign responsibility for animal welfare, in addition to animal health, to a Ministry. It is officially referred to as the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria. Species recognised as protected species under Algeria’s national hunting legislation may not be hunted, captured, traded or detained.Since the API was first published in 2014, an Order, published in November 2017, outlines the necessary training to obtain a certificate of authorisation to hold a hunting license. Working animals must be treated with consideration and must be given adequate shelter, exercise, care, food and water appropriate to their physiological and behavioural needs. Algeria still authorises fur farming, the culling of stray animals, and the abuse of animals through cruel forms of entertainment, such as animal circuses. African Wild Dog. The Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fishing (MADRP) has political control over activities relating to veterinary medicine and farm animals. The Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fishing’s mission has no mention of animal welfare, protection of animals or well-being. The lack of recognition of the importance of animal welfare as an issue separate to those of animal health and disease control is a considerable barrier to progress. Pont Sidi M’Cid. They also have big ears which enable them to hear movements made by hunters. Scorpions are common in the Sahara. The national animal of Algeria is the Fennec Fox 3 Algeria has taken part in every Olympic Games since 1964 and has won a total of 17 medals in total in that time, 5 of which are Gold. Country Name of animal Scientific name Pictures Ref ... ↑ "The Fennec Fox: Algeria's National Animal". A national animal is an animal that is the symbol or emblem of a country. The capital of Algeria is Algiers. Note: The UDAW is a proposed formal international acknowledgement of a set of principles giving animal welfare due recognition among governments and the international community. Article 58 of Law 88-08 and Article 449 of the Penal Code make reference to ‘domestic, tamed and wild animals in captivity.’. Furthermore, a duty of care for animal owners should be enshrined in legislation, which would protect the Five Freedoms of the animals. Provisions in Law 88-08 are detailed in relation to veterinary services and in relation to control of diseases and spreading of diseases. It is positive that the Government of Algeria engages with international partners to investigate solutions to the spread of rabies which do not cause the culling of stray dogs. Mehely's Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus mehelyi). Facts about the national animal of Algeria (fennec fox) Common name: fennec fox Scientific name: Vulpes zerda Found in: protected areas like parks Habitat: Arid areas Main prey: Rodents Average length: 24cm to 41cm (body). The foxes are normally solitary creatures, but they can also forms groups. 15-70, in regards of the conditions of exercise of veterinary medicine. Moreover, from its website it appears that the AASEA is a body favourably inclined to using animals for research. The abundance of bird species make the country a haven for bird watchers. As such, sentience is not formally included and does not inform public policies that could be potentially linked to animals (such as environmental or sustainable production policies). Algerian cuisine is rich and diverse. Algeria Hit With 5.2 Magnitude Earthquake and the World Turns a Blind Eye News. There is a partial application of animal welfare in the Government’s ‘New Model for Economic Growth 2016-2019’ – which constitutes a triennial policy to promote the growth of the Algerian economy, particularly focusing on the agri-food industry – through the development and modernisation of the animal industry to produce milk, meat, eggs and apiculture and other animal products. Algeria’s national animal, the fennec fox, has been used as a nickname for the country’s national football team (Les Fennecs). The official name of Algeria is the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria and its National Holiday is also known as Revolution Day,honoring the day the final bid for independence began on the first of Nov… The Government is encouraged to incorporate all the OIE’s standards and principles within policy and legislation, compared to its current narrow focus on animal health. Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Algeria and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Surgical operations, such as piglet mutilations and beak trimming for egg-laying hens, shall not be performed except under anaesthesia and with analgesics. Endemic mammals include Seurat’s Spiny Mouse (ZooChat), the Algerian Gerbil (Wikipedia) (BHL), and the extinct Red Gazelle (Wikipedia) known by only three specimens. The wildlife of Algeria is composed of its flora and fauna. Algeria’s national animal, the Fennec fox, mostly lives in arid regions of Algeria. algeria.com. Any condition which may impair their welfare must be treated promptly and, if necessary, they must not be worked again until they are fit. So are some antelope, hares, rodents, and wild boars. No legislation has been found specifically relating to the rearing of pigs. In February 2015, Law 88-08 of 1988 was modified through Executive Decree No. However – with the exception of three regional veterinary centres being built in different locations– there is no indication of the particular measures that would be adopted in line with the Five Freedoms principle. Article 6 provides that establishments for rearing animals must be constructed in order to ensure the well-being of the animals. Beyond these basic provisions, there is no evidence of legislation or policy dealing specifically with the welfare of companion animals. The Act also regulates issues related to hunting by tourists. Constantine. Article 60 creates a minimal duty of care for animal owners, who must keep their animals in a good state of health. In particular, the use of farrowing crates, sow stalls, and cages should be banned. The stocking density of broiler chickens should also be reduced to maximum 30 kg/m2 or lower. The Binomial Nomenclature for Fennec fox is Vulpes Zerda.The most astonishing thing is that the Fennec fox is actually the world’s smallest fox, just 8 inches tall and weighing between 1.5 – 3 pounds. This methodology consists of a full cycle of action, addressing the root causes of conflict between roaming dog and communities. Algerian dates are known to be some of the best on earth.Visitors are traditionally greeted by being offered dates and milk. These little communities consist of approximately 10 individuals. The Middle East’s Extended COVID-19 Lockdown Measures News. For Article 415, there is a narrow list of species covered, which include mostly domestic and working animals along with fish. In addition, the Penal Code sanctions various conducts such as mistreating, poisoning, overworking and causing injuries or death to animals. Mountainous, chotts, wetlands and grassy desert-like regions all support a wide range of wildlife.Many of the creatures comprising the Algerian wildlife live in close proximity to civilisation. There is no correlation between the existing punishable conducts and problems associated with the welfare of domestic animals. Beyond this basic provision, there does not appear to be any further legislation dedicated to the welfare of animals used in scientific research. The Three Rs principles – Replacement, Reduction, Refinement – should be enshrined in legislation, in addition to the Charter being drafted by AASEA. • The Government of Algeria is encouraged/urged to develop a Positive List of domesticated species, and implement detailed legislation specifying the conditions under which wild animals may be kept in captivity. • Furthermore, the Government of Algeria is urged to ban the testing of cosmetic products and their ingredients on animals. Most wildlife in Algeria cohabits near civilization. A first step towards the importance of animal welfare is included through a single mention within Executive Decree No.15-70. Algeria also has a few small panther, leopard and cheetah populations but these are seldom seen. km. The Algerian Nuthatch (MaghrebOrnitho) (eBird) occurs at only four locations in the Babor Mountains. Spread the love. There is no evidence of legislation or policy acknowledging specific problems arising from holding animals in captivity. The organisation aims at codifying the ‘ethics’ of their use, but there is no information as to what these ‘ethics’ are. 91-514 forbids to slaughter some animals, including some young animals or pregnant females. Such regulations should include requirements with regards to housing, feeding, handling and husbandry and should promote the Five Freedoms of all individual animals. Human activities impose the greatest threat to the survival and well-being of wildlife. The use of animal testing for cosmetic products does not appear to be restricted in legislation. The Algerian Fir, Algerian Peony, and Saharan Cypress are endemic species of Algerian flora. The Government of Algeria is urged to outlaw the culling of stray animal populations, and to implement spay-and-neuter campaigns as a tool to control homeless animal populations. Article 58 prohibits bad treatment towards domestic, tamed or captive animals. (Endemic to Algeria.) Executive Decree No. Culling is unnecessary, cruel and has been proven to be ineffective. There is no policy or legislation recognising animal sentience. There is a lack of government bodies dedicated to animal welfare in general, as well as specific animal welfare issues, such as the use of animals in scientific research. Older ones do not leave the family after growing up. The wording of Article 449 of the Penal Code is very similar to that of Law 88-08. Endangered species found in Algeria: The subsequent Executive Decree 04-82 , published in 2004, governs conditions for establishments associated with animals and animal products, and for the transport of animals. Regular inspections onto farms and slaughter establishments should be carried out with a special focus on animal welfare. There is no evidence of legislation or policy presenting mandates or guidelines on the responsible care of domestic animals. This country's score has stayed the same since 2014. Humane halal slaughter allows for the animal to be temporarily rendered unconscious via stunning prior to slaughter, as long as the animal's skull remains intact and the animal would regain consciousness in time should slaughter not occur. Thousands of years of changing Saharan climate and erosion have created stunning geological features with towering sandstone pillars, deep canyons and more than 300 natural arches. Whilst some of these provisions are helpful with respect to animal welfare, they are not sufficient to improve animal welfare in the country. In addition, the Algerian legislation should mandate humane slaughter to be carried out, with prior stunning. Further animal welfare provisions will stem from this recognition of sentience. 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